Curious Minds

14 Vidya (Techniques) 64 Kala (Art forms)

14 Vidya (techniques) consist of -
  • 4 Ved :
    • Rugved
    • Samved
    • Yajurved
    • Atharvaved
  • 4 Upved :
    • Arthashastra : An ancient Indian Hindu treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy which identifies its author by the names Kautilya and Vishnugupta.
    • Dhanurved : The term derives from the words for bow (dhanushya) and knowledge (veda), literally the "science of archery".
    • Gandharvaveda : An ancient Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music.
    • Ayurveda : The word ayurveda consists of the words ayus, meaning "longevity", and veda, meaning "related to knowledge" or "science". Thus Ayurveda is the science of life.
  • 6 Vedange : There are six Vedangas: Shiksha (phonetics), Kalpa (rituals), Vyakarana (grammar), Jyotishya (astronomy), Nirukta (etymology) and Chhandas (metrics). These are mentioned in the Upanishads.
    • Shiksha : Shiksha is one of the six Vedangas, treating the traditional Hindu science of phonetics and phonology of Sanskrit. Its aim is the teaching of the correct pronunciation of the Vedic hymns and mantras.
    • Kalpa : One of the six disciplines of Vedanga, treating ritual.
    • Vyakaran : The Sanskrit grammatical tradition of vyakarana is one of the six Vedanga disciplines. It has its roots in late Vedic India, and includes the famous work, Astadhyayi, of Panini.
    • Nirukta : Nirukta ("explanation, etymological interpretation") is one of the six Vedanga disciplines of Hinduism, treating etymology, particularly of obscure words, especially those occurring in the Vedas. The discipline is traditionally attributed to Yaska, an ancient Sanskrit grammarian. In practical use, nirukta consists of brief rules (sutras) for deriving word meanings, supplemented with glossaries of difficult or rare Vedic words.
    • Chhanda : In Sanskrit, it refers to the study of Vedic meter in Classical Sanskrit poetry.
    • Jyotish : Jyotisa (Sanskrit jyotisa, from jyotis- "light, heavenly body": also anglicized Jyotish and Jyotisha) is the Hindu system of astrology (also known as Indian astrology, Hindu astrology, and of late, Vedic astrology). Traditionally, it has three branches -
      1. Siddhanta : traditional Indian astronomy.
      2a. Samhita
      2b. Medini Jyotisha (mundane astrology) : Predicting important events based on analysis of astrological dynamics in a country's horoscope or general transit events such as war, earthquakes, political events, financial positions, electional astrology; house and construction related matters (Vastu Shastra), animals, portents, omens etc.
      3. Hora : Predictive astrology based on analysis of natal horoscopes and the moment a query is made.
64 Kala (Activities in fine arts and crafts) consist of -
  • Geet : Art of singing.
  • Vadya : Art of playing on musical instruments.
  • Nrutya : Art of dancing.
  • Natya : Art of theatricals.
  • Aalekh : Art of painting
  • Vishesh Kacchedya : Art of painting the face and body with colored unguents and cosmetics.
  • Tandul kusumavali vikar : Art of preparing offerings from rice and flowers.
  • Pushpastaran : Art of making a covering of flowers for a bed.
  • Dashanvasanang raag : Art of applying preparations for cleansing the teeth, cloths and painting the body.
  • Manibhumika karma : Art of making the groundwork of jewels.
  • Shayan rachana : Art of covering the bed.
  • Udak vadya : Art of playing on music in water.
  • Udakaghata : Art of splashing with water.
  • Chitrayog : Art of practically applying an admixture of colors.
  • Malya grantha vikalpa : Art of designing a preparation of wreaths.
  • Kesha-shekhara-pidyojana : Art of practically setting the coronet on the head.
  • Nepathyayog : Art of practically dressing in the tiring room.
  • Karnapatrabhang : Art of decorating the tragus of the ear.
  • Gandhayukti / Sugandhayukti : Art of practical application of aromatics.
  • Bhushanayojan : Art of applying or setting ornaments.
  • Indrajal : Art of jugglery.
  • Kouchumaryog : A kind of art.
  • Hastalaghav : Art of sleight of hand.
  • Chitra Shabdapup Bhakshya Vikar Kriya : Art of preparing varieties of salad, bread, cake and delicious food.
  • Panaka-rasa-ragasava-yojana : Art of practically preparing palatable drinks and tinging draughts with red color.
  • Suchikarma : Art of needleworks and weaving.
  • Sutrakarma : Art of playing with thread.
  • Vina-damuraka-vadya : Art of playing on lute and small x-shaped drum.
  • Prahelika : Art of making and solving riddles.
  • Pratimala : Art of caping or reciting verse for verse as a trial for memory or skill.
  • Durvachakayog : Art of practicing language difficult to be answered by others.
  • Pustakvachan : Art of reciting books.
  • Natakakhyayika darshan : Art of enacting short plays and anecdotes.
  • Kavyasamasyapurti : Art of solving enigmatic verses.
  • Pattika vetra-ban-vikalpa : Art of designing preparation of shield, cane and arrows.
  • Turkakarma : Art of spinning by spindle.
  • Takshan : Art of carpentry.
  • Vastuvidya : Art of engineering.
  • Roupya ratna pariksha : Art of testing silver and jewels.
  • Dhatuvad : Art of metallurgy.
  • Maniraagdnyan : Art of tinging jewels.
  • Aakardnyan : Art of mineralogy.
  • Vrukshayurvedyog : Art of practicing medicine or medical treatment, by herbs.
  • Mesh-kukkut-lavakyudhha vidhi : Art of knowing the mode of fighting of lambs, cocks and birds.
  • Shukasarika prapalana : Art of maintaining or knowing conversation between male and female cockatoos.
  • Utsadan : Art of healing or cleaning a person with perfumes.
  • Keshmarjan koushal : Art of combing hair.
  • Akshar mushtikakathan : Art of talking with letters and fingers.
  • Mlencchitkalavikalpa : Art of fabricating barbarous or foreign sophistry.
  • Deshbhashadnyan : Art of knowing provincial dialects.
  • Pushpa-shakatika-nimittadnyan : Art of knowing prediction by heavenly voice or knowing preparation of toy carts by flowers.
  • Yantramatruka : Art of mechanics.
  • Dharanmatruka : Art of the use of amulets.
  • Sanpathya/Samvachya : Art of conversation.
  • Manasikavya : Art of composing verse mentally.
  • Kriyavikalpa : Art of designing a literary work or a medical remedy.
  • Chlikyog / Chalitakayoga : Art of practicing as a builder of shrines called after him.
  • Abhidhankosh chhandodnyan : Art of the use of lexicography and meters.
  • Vastragopan : Art of concealment of cloths.
  • Dyut visesha : Art of knowing specific gambling.
  • Aakarshan krida : Art of playing with dice or magnet.
  • Balkridakarma : Art of using children's toys.
  • Vainayiki vidyadnyan : Art of enforcing discipline.
  • Vaijayiki vidyadnyan : Art of gaining victory.
  • Vyayamiki vidyadnyan : Art of awakening master with music at dawn.

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