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Indian names for food products

Most of us are confused when it comes to referring to pulses, cereals or spices in English. Mostly because we are used to refer to these products in our regional names or Hindi. Here's a detailed glossary that will help you search for relevant English names for most of the food products that add to the distinct taste of the Indian cuisine. For ease of reference, the food products have been divided into four categories - Pulses, Cereals, Spices and Seeds and General.

Pulses -

Indian / Hindi name English name Image
Arhar / Rahar / Tur / Tuar Pigeon pea / Red gram Arhar Daal
Chana Chickpeas (Brown) Chana
Cholia / Hara chana Chickpeas (Green) Cholia / Hara chana
Chana Daal Split Bengal gram Chana Daal
Chawli / Lobhia Black-eyed beans / Cowpea Chawli / Lobhia
Daal Pulses / Split beans / Beans -
Dalia Broken wheat Dalia
Kabuli Chana / Chhole Garbanzo beans / Chickpeas (White) Kabuli Chana / Chhole
Kulthi Horse gram Kulthi
Kurmura Puffed rice Kurmura
Masoor Red lentils Masoor
Matar Pea Matar
Moong Green gram / Mung bean Moong
Motth / Matki Turkish gram / Moth bean Motth / Matki
Poha Beaten rice Poha
Rajma Kidney beans Rajma
Til Sesame Til
Urad Daal / Kaali Daal Black gram / Black lentil (whole) / White lentil (dehusked) Urad Dal / Kaali Dal
Vaal Field beans Vaal

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Cereals -

Indian / Hindi name English name Image
Bajra Pearl millet
Chaawal Rice Chaawal
Gehun Wheat Gehun
Jow Barley Jow
Jowar Sorghum bicolor Jowar
Makki / Makai Maize, Corn Makki / Makai
Raagi / Nachani Finger millet Raagi / Nachani

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Spices -

Indian / Hindi name English name Image
Adrak / Sonth Ginger Adrak / Sonth
Ajwaain Carom Seeds / Thyme Ajwaain
Chakra Phool / Chakri Phool Star Anise
Daalchini Cinnamon Daalchini
Elaichi (Chhoti) Green Cardamom Elaichi (Chhoti)
Elaichi (Moti) Brown Cardamom Elaichi (Moti)
Hing Asafoetida Hing
Jaiphal Nutmeg Javitri
Javitri Mace Javitri
Jeera Cumin Javitri
Kaali Mirch / Kaali Meeri Black Pepper Kaali Mirch / Kaali Meeri
Lasan / Lahsun Garlic Lasan / Lahsun
Laung Clove Laung
Raai Mustard seeds (small) Raai
Sarson Mustard seeds (big) Sarson
Tej patta / Tamaalpatra Bay leaf Tej patta / Tamaalpatra

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Seeds and General -

Indian / Hindi name English name Image
Chhoti Saunf Anise / Aniseed
Maida Refined flour Maida
Rava / Sooji Semolina Rava / Sooji
Sabudana / Saaboodana Sago
Saunf Fennel Seed

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